District of Kazimierz.
The Schindler's List
We offer a 4 hour walk with a guide in a beautiful district of Krakow, formerly an independent town and afterwards an important centre of Jewish culture.
Nowadays, the district of Kazimierz is an exceptional place with its architecture and very unique social and cultural life. Polish and Jewish history and culture coexist here. The unique atmosphere dominating here makes Kazimierz the heart of Krakow's night life and a place appreciated by artists and lovers of antiques and flee-markets. There are great number of craftsmen's workshops, galleries and antique shops. Every year various concerts and festivals take place in the district of Kazimierz. The most famous are: the Jewish Culture Festival, the Soup Festival and the St Joseph Street Festival.
We'll see here precious old townhouses, charming narrow streets and market squares, beautiful old churches, synagogues and historical Jewish cemeteries. We will walk Meiselsa street, Szeroka street, Miodowa street, etc. We'll see, apart other things, the Tempel Synagogue, the Kupa Synagogue, the Isaac Synagogue, the Wysoka Synagogue, the Old Synagogue, the Renaissance Remuh Synagogue and the historical Jewish Remuh Cemetery. These are the oldest and some of the most important places for the Jewish life and heritage in Poland.
Another interesting place is the Gothic town-hall of Kazimierz on the Wolnica Square. The building houses the Ethnographic Museum with excellent display of folk-culture of Malopolska (Little Poland) province with a special focus on the Krakow region.
Every corner of this part of Krakow is a witness of the tragedy of the Second World War and the extermination of Jews. We'll introduce you to the history of persecution of Jews by the Nazis as we'll visit places reminding the history of the Krakow Ghetto and concentration camp of Plaszow.
The Jewish Ghetto in Krakow was formally established on the 3rd of March in 1941 in the Podgórze district. The ghetto was surrounded by walls in order to isolate it from the rest of the city. Thousands of people were crowded into a small area of approx. 20 hectares. Many people died of diseases and starvation there.
In May and June 1942 several deportation actions to Belzec death camp took place, and many people were killed in the streets of the ghetto. In October the biggest and most cruel deportation took place. Many children were taken away from their parents, and great number of old and sick people were deported or killed on the spot.
In 1942 Nazis began to divide "able workers" from old, sick or handicapped people. The Krakow Ghetto was divided into part "A" for workers and part "B" for non-workers. In 1943 people unable to work from "Ghetto B" were killed in the streets or deported to the Auschwitz - Birkenau death camp. The "Ghetto A" ceased to exist in 1943, and workers were sent to the Plaszow concentration camp.
In order to see places reminding the history of the Krakow Ghetto and concentration camp we'll visit the Heroes of the Ghetto Square (Plac Bohaterow Getta). It is a place commemorating the tragedy of Krakow Jews, moved to the Ghetto, and mostly exterminated in concentration camps. Just by the Square we will visit the "Pharmacy Under the Eagle" (Apteka Pod Orłem) - a place where a heroic Pole, Tadeusz Pankiewicz organized a point of help for Jews in the Ghetto.
We'll also see remaining fragments of the Krakow Ghetto wall on Lwowska street and Limanowskiego street. We'll visit the stone quarry "Liban", to which Płaszów concentration camp was supplying manpower and we'll see a monument "Torn Hearts" commemorating people slaughtered in the concentration camp of Płaszów.
Our last destination of the tour will be the Oskar Schindler's Enamel Factory. The main spot in the world famous Steven Spielberg movie "The Schindler's List" and located nearby in the old Zablocie district, it was the place of hope for survival for the Jews from Krakow Ghetto, as it offered the only alternative to being sent to the concentration camps. Nowadays, the building is hoped to be transferred into the Holocaust Museum.